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On December 20, 1592, King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City.
Later on, the city would be officially designated as "Key to the New World and Rampart of the West Indies" by the Spanish Crown.
Havana's theaters featured the most distinguished actors of the age, and prosperity among the burgeoning middle-class led to expensive new classical mansions being erected.
During this period Havana became known as the Paris of the Antilles.
The treaty gave Britain Florida in exchange for the return of the city of Havana on to Spain.
After regaining the city, the Spanish transformed Havana into the most heavily fortified city in the Americas.
The town that became Havana finally originated adjacent to what was then called Puerto de Carenas (literally, "Careening Bay"), in 1519.
The sluggish Almendares River traverses the city from south to north, entering the Straits of Florida a few miles west of the bay.Construction began on what was to become the Fortress of San Carlos de la Cabaña, the third biggest Spanish fortification in the New World after Fort San Cristobal (the biggest) and Fort San Felipe del Morro both in San Juan, Puerto Rico.On January 15, 1796, the remains of Christopher Columbus were transported to the island from Santo Domingo.Pánfilo de Narváez gave Havana – the sixth town founded by the Spanish on Cuba – its name: San Cristóbal de la Habana.The name combines San Cristóbal, patron saint of Havana.